哈佛校长给本科毕业生的毕业演讲 PDF 打印 E-mail
作者:励志讲坛组委会   
2010-06-16 17:06

今年哈佛女校长给本科毕业生的毕业演讲

哈佛2007年2月11日宣布并于7月份正式上任的校长Drew G. Faust

Drew G. Faust是哈佛历史上第一位女性校长,第一位非哈佛毕业生校长,杰出的历史学家
,2001年从宾西法尼业大学到哈佛的Radcliffe学院任教,之前的哈佛上一任校长曾因为公
开发表“歧视女性”的言论被迫辞职.



Baccalaureate address to Class of 2008
2008届本科毕业典礼上的讲话

The Memorial Church
纪念教堂
Cambridge, Mass.
麻省剑桥市
June 3, 2008
2008年6月3日

As prepared for delivery
准备稿



In the curious custom of this venerable institution, I find myself standing be
fore you expected to impart words of lasting wisdom. Here I am in a pulpit, dr
essed like a Puritan minister — an apparition that would have horrified many
of my distinguished forebears and perhaps rededicated some of them to the exti
rpation of witches. This moment would have propelled Increase and Cotton into
a true “Mather lather.” But here I am and there you are and it is the moment
of and for Veritas.

在这所久负盛名的大学的别具一格的仪式上,我站在了你们的面前,被期待着给予一些蕴
含着恒久智慧的言论。站在这个讲坛上,我穿得像个清教徒教长——一个可能会吓到我的
杰出前辈们的怪物,或许使他们中的一些人重新致力于铲除巫婆的事业上。这个时刻也许
曾激励了很多清教徒成为教长。但现在,我在上面,你们在下面,此时此刻,属于真理,
为了真理。

You have been undergraduates for four years. I have been president for not qui
te one. You have known three presidents; I one senior class. Where then lies t
he voice of experience? Maybe you should be offering the wisdom. Perhaps our r
oles could be reversed and I could, in Harvard Law School style, do cold calls
for the next hour or so.

你们已经在哈佛做了四年的大学生,而我当哈佛校长还不到一年。你们认识了三个校长,
而我只认识了你们这一届大四的。算起来我哪有资格说什么经验之谈?或许应该由你们上
来展示一下智慧。要不我们换换位置?然后我就可以像哈佛法学院的学生那样,在接下来
的一个小时内不时地冷不防地提出问题。

We all do seem to have made it to this point — more or less in one piece. Tho
ugh I recently learned that we have not provided you with dinner since May 22.
I know we need to wean you from Harvard in a figurative sense. I never knew w
e took it quite so literally.

学校和学生们似乎都在努力让时间来到这一时刻,而且还差不多是步调一致的。我这两天
才得知哈佛从5月22日开始就不向你们提供伙食了。虽然有比喻说“我们早晚得给你们断奶
”,但没想到我们的后勤还真的早早就把“奶”给断了。

But let’s return to that notion of cold calls for a moment. Let’s imagine th
is were a baccalaureate service in the form of Q & A, and you were asking the
questions. “What is the meaning of life, President Faust? What were these fou
r years at Harvard for? President Faust, you must have learned something since
you graduated from college exactly 40 years ago?” (Forty years. I’ll say it
out loud since every detail of my life — and certainly the year of my Bryn M
awr degree — now seems to be publicly available. But please remember I was yo
ung for my class.)

现在还是让我们回到我刚才提到的提问题的事上吧。让我们设想下这是个哈佛大学给本科
生的毕业服务,是以问答的形式。你们将问些问题,比如:“福校长啊,人生的价值是什
么呢?我们上这大学四年是为了什么呢?福校长,你大学毕业到现在的40年里一定学到些
什么东西可以教给我们吧?”(40年啊,我就直说了,因为我人生中的每段细节——当然
包括我在布林茅尔女子学院的一年——现在似乎都成了公共资源。但请记住在哈佛我可是
“新生”)

In a way, you have been engaging me in this Q & A for the past year. On just t
hese questions, although you have phrased them a bit more narrowly. And I have
been trying to figure out how I might answer and, perhaps more intriguingly,
why you were asking.

在某种程度上,在过去的一年里你们一直都在让我从事这种问答。从仅仅这些问题上,即
使你们措辞问题都倾向于狭义,而我除了思考怎么做出回答外,更激发我去思考的,是你
们为什么问这些问题。

Let me explain. It actually began when I met with the UC just after my appoint
ment was announced in the winter of 2007. Then the questions continued when I
had lunch at Kirkland House, dinner at Leverett, when I met with students in m
y office hours, even with some recent graduates I encountered abroad. The firs
t thing you asked me about wasn’t the curriculum or advising or faculty conta
ct or even student space. In fact, it wasn’t even alcohol policy. Instead, yo
u repeatedly asked me: Why are so many of us going to Wall Street? Why are we
going in such numbers from Harvard to finance, consulting, i-banking?

听我解释。提问从2007年冬天我的任职被公布时与校方的会面就开始了。然后提问一直持
续,不论是我在Kirkland House(哈佛的12个本科生宿舍之一)吃午饭还是在Leverett H
ouse(哈佛的12个本科生宿舍之一,本科高年级学生使用)吃晚饭,或是当我在办公时间
与学生会见,甚至是我在与国外认识的刚考来的研究生的谈话中。你们问的第一个问题不
是关于课业,不是让我提建议,也不是为了和教员接触,甚至是想向我提建议。事实上,
更不是为了和我讨论酒精政策。相反,你们不厌其烦问的却是:为什么我们之中这么多人
将去华尔街?为什么我们大量的学生都从哈佛走向了金融,理财咨询,投行?

There are a number of ways to think about this question and how to answer it.
There is the Willie Sutton approach. You may know that when he was asked why h
e robbed banks, he replied, “Because that’s where the money is.” Professors
Claudia Goldin and Larry Katz, whom many of you have encountered in your econ
omics concentration, offer a not dissimilar answer based on their study of stu
dent career choices since the seventies. They find it notable that, given the
very high pecuniary rewards in finance, many students nonetheless still choose
to do something else. Indeed, 37 of you have signed on with Teach for America
; one of you will dance tango and work in dance therapy in Argentina; another
will be engaged in agricultural development in Kenya; another, with an honors
degree in math, will study poetry; another will train as a pilot with the USAF
; another will work to combat breast cancer. Numbers of you will go to law sch
ool, medical school, and graduate school. But, consistent with the pattern
Goldin and Katz have documented, a considerable number of you are
selecting finance and consulting. The Crimson’s survey of last year’s class
reported that 58 percent of men and 43 percent of women entering the workforce
made this choice. This year, even in challenging economic times, the figure i
s 39 percent.

对于这个问题有多种思考和回答方式。有一种解释就是如Willie Sutton所说的,一切向“
钱”看。(Willie Sutton是个抢银行犯,被逮住后当被问到为什么去抢银行时,他说:“
Because that is where the money is!”)你们中很多人见过的普通经济学教授Claudia
Goldin 和Larry Katz,基于对上世纪70年代以来的学生的职业选择的研究,作出了差不
多的回答。他们发现了值得注意的一点:即使从事金融业可以得到很高的金钱回报,很多
学生仍然选择做其它的事情。实事上,你们中间有37人签到了“教育美国人”(Teach fo
r America,美国的一个组织,其作用类似于中国的“希望工程”);1人将去跳探戈舞蹈
并在阿根廷从事舞蹈疗法;1人将致力于肯尼亚的农业发展;另有1人获得了数学的荣誉学
位,却转而去研究诗歌;1人将去美国空军接受飞行员训练;还有1人将加入到与乳癌抗战
当中。你们中的很多人将去法学院,医学院或研究生院。但是,和Goldin 和Katz教授有据
证明的一样,你们中相当一部分人将选择金融和理财咨询。Crimson对于上届学生的调查显
示,在就业的学生中,58%的男生和43%的女生做出了这个选择。今年,即使在经济受挑战
的一年,这个数据是39%。

High salaries, the all but irresistible recruiting juggernaut, the reassurance
for many of you that you will be in New York working and living and enjoying
life alongside your friends, the promise of interesting work — there are lots
of ways to explain these choices. For some of you, it is a commitment for onl
y a year or two in any case. Others believe they will best be able to do good
by first doing well. Yet, you ask me why you are following this path.

也许是为了高薪——难以抵抗的招聘诱惑,也许是为了留在纽约然后和朋友们一起工作生
活和享受人生,也许是为了做自己感兴趣的工作——对于这些选择可以有各种各样的理由
。对你们中的一些人,无论如何那也只是个一两年的契约。其他的一部分人相信他们只有
在过得“富有”了以后才有可能过得“富有”价值。不过,你们依然会问我,为什么要走
这条路?

I find myself in some ways less interested in answering your question than in
figuring out why you are posing it. If Professors Goldin and Katz have it righ
t; if finance is indeed the “rational choice,” why do you keep raising this
issue with me? Why does this seemingly rational choice strike a number of you
as not understandable, as not entirely rational, as in some sense less a free
choice than a compulsion or necessity? Why does this seem to be troubling so m
any of you?

我发现我自己有时候对于回答你们的问题并没有多大兴趣,比较而言更感兴趣的却是捉摸
你们为什么提那些问题。如果果真如Goldin和Katz教授所说;如果去搞金融确实是一个“
理性”的选择,为什么你们会不停地向我提出这类问题?为什么看似理性的选择却让你们
当中相当一部分人认为是令人费解的,伪理性的,或出于某种需求和强迫所作出的并不自
由的选择?为什么这个问题似乎困扰着你们当中的很多一部分人?

You are asking me, I think, about the meaning of life, though you have posed y
our question in code — in terms of the observable and measurable phenomenon o
f senior career choice rather than the abstract, unfathomable and almost embar
rassing realm of metaphysics. The Meaning of Life — capital M, capital L — i
s a cliché — easier to deal with as the ironic title of a Monty Python movie
or the subject of a Simpsons episode than as a matter about which one would d
are admit to harboring serious concern.

我想,你们问我的是:关于人生价值的问题。虽然你们问得比较隐晦——即是些可以观察
和衡量的大四学生职业选择的问题,而不是那抽象的,晦涩的,甚至会令人难堪的形而上
学范畴的问题。人生价值,要人生?还是要价值?作为Monty Python那部片子(指的是六
人行里《人生的价值》那一集)的讽刺意味的片名是不难理解的,作为《辛普森一家》(
美国特别受欢迎的动画连续剧)的其中一集的主题也是不难理解的,可是当关系到“生存
问题”的时候,就是不那么好办了。

But let’s for a moment abandon our Harvard savoir faire, our imperturbability
, our pretense of invulnerability, and try to find the beginnings of some answ
ers to your question.

那让我们还是暂时摘下那戴着的哈佛面具,收起那缺乏热情的冷漠,卸下我们看似刀枪不
入的伪装,让我们尝试去探寻你们问的一些问题的答案。(我觉得校长能说出这句话真太
棒了!我想她当时面对的听众的表情和我们在听课时的表情差不多。)

I think you are worried because you want your lives not just to be conventiona
lly successful, but to be meaningful, and you are not sure how those two goals
fit together. You are not sure if a generous starting salary at a prestigious
brand name organization together with the promise of future wealth will feed
your soul.

我觉得,你们之所以担忧,是因为你们不想仅仅是获得传统意义上的成功,而且要活得有
价值。可是你们不清楚“鱼”与“熊掌”怎样才能“兼得”。你们不清楚是否,一家拥有
著名品牌的企业提供的数目可观的并且预期着你未来财富的起薪,可以让你们的灵魂得到
满足。

Why are you worried? Partly it is our fault. We have told you from the moment
you arrived here that you will be the leaders responsible for the future, that
you are the best and the brightest on whom we will all depend, that you will
change the world. We have burdened you with no small expectations. And you hav
e already done remarkable things to fulfill them: your dedication to service d
emonstrated in your extracurricular engagements, your concern about the future
of the planet expressed in your vigorous championing of sustainability, your
reinvigoration of American politics through engagement in this year’s preside
ntial contests.

然而,你们为什么担忧呢?这部分地是我们的责任。当你们一踏进这个学校,我们就告诉
你们:你们将成为领导未来的中坚人物,你们将成为美国人民依赖的最顶尖、最杰出的精
英,你们将改变整个世界。我们“望子成龙”的期望使你们背上了负担。而你们为了实现
这些期望也已经做得很好:在对课外活动的从事中,你们展示出对于服务性工作的奉献精
神;从对可持续发展的热情拥护,你们表达出对这个星球的关怀;通过对今年总统竞选的
参与,你们做出了希望使美国政治重新恢复活力的实际行动。

But many of you are now wondering how these commitments fit with a career choi
ce. Is it necessary to decide between remunerative work and meaningful work? I
f it were to be either/or, which would you choose? Is there a way to have both
?

但你们中的很多人现在会问,“怎样才能把做这些有价值的事情和一个职业选择结合起来
呢?”“是否必须在一份有报酬却没价值的工作和一份有价值却没报酬的工作间做出抉择
呢?”“如果是一个单选题,您会选哪一个?”“有没有折中的办法?”

You are asking me and yourselves fundamental questions about values, about try
ing to reconcile potentially competing goods, about recognizing that it may no
t be possible to have it all. You are at a moment of transition that requires
making choices. And selecting one option — a job, a career, a graduate progra
m — means not selecting others. Every decision means loss as well as gain —
possibilities foregone as well as possibilities embraced. Your question to me
is partly about that — about loss of roads not taken.

你们在问我,也是问你们自己问题,即关于价值观的根本性的问题。你们在试图调解两个
商品潜在的相互竞争,承认也许不可能兼得两者。你们在经历一次人生的转折,而这个转
折需要你们自己做出一些决定。选择一条道路——一份工作、一项事业或一个研究生课题
——不单单是在选择东西。每个决定都意味着“得”与“失”——过去与未来的种种可能
。你们问我的问题其实有几分是关于“失”,即你放弃的那条道路让你失去了什么。

Finance, Wall Street, “recruiting” have become the symbol of this dilemma, r
epresenting a set of issues that is much broader and deeper than just one care
er path. These are issues that in one way or another will at some point face y
ou all — as you graduate from medical school and choose a specialty — family
practice or dermatology, as you decide whether to use your law degree to work
for a corporate firm or as a public defender, as you decide whether to stay i
n teaching after your two years with TFA. You are worried because you want to
have both a meaningful life and a successful one; you know you were educated t
o make a difference not just for yourself, for your own comfort and satisfacti
on, but for the world around you. And now you have to figure out the way to ma
ke that possible.

金融、华尔街,“招聘”一词已经成了这种博弈的符号,代表着比仅仅选择一条职业道路
更广更深的一系列问题。这些问题早晚将面临着你们每个人——如果你是从医学院毕业,
你将选择一个具体从医方向——做私人医生还是专攻皮肤病,如果你学的是法律,你将决
定是用你的法律知识为一个公司法人卖命还是成为公众的正义化身,或是在 “教育美国人
”两年后你决定是否继续从教。你们之所以担忧,是因为你们想拥有充满价值的同时又是
成功的人生;你们知道,你们被教育要有大的作为,不仅仅是为了个人,为了自己生活地
舒适,而是要让周围的世界因此而改变。因此你们才不得不思考怎样才能让其成为可能。


I think there is a second reason you are worried — related to but not entirel
y distinct from the first. You want to be happy. You have flocked to courses l
ike “Positive Psychology” — Psych 1504 — and “The Science of Happiness”
in search of tips. But how do we find happiness? I can offer one encouraging a
nswer: get older. Turns out that survey data show older people — that is, my
age — report themselves happier than do younger ones. But perhaps you don’t
want to wait.

我认为你们之所以担忧有第二个原因——和第一个有关系但不是完全一样。你们希望过得
幸福。你们蜂拥着去修“积极心理学”这门课——课程代号“心1504”——和“幸福的科
学”这门课,不就是为了听点人生“小贴士”?可是,我们怎样才能获得幸福?在这儿,
我可以提供一个启发性的答案:变老。调查数据显示年长的人——也就是我这把年纪的人
——觉得自己比年轻人更幸福。不过,很可能你们没有人愿意去等着去看这个答案。

As I have listened to you talk about the choices ahead of you, I have heard yo
u articulate your worries about the relationship of success and happiness — p
erhaps, more accurately, how to define success so that it yields and encompass
es real happiness, not just money and prestige. The most remunerative choice,
you fear, may not be the most meaningful and the most satisfying. But you wond
er how you would ever survive as an artist or an actor or a public servant or
a high school teacher? How would you ever figure out a path by which to make y
our way in journalism? Would you ever find a job as an English professor after
you finished who knows how many years of graduate school and dissertation wri
ting?

在聊天时我听过你们谈到你们目前所面临的选择,我听到你们一字一句地说出你们对于成
功与幸福的关系的忧虑——也许,更精确地讲,怎样去定义成功才能使它具有或包含真正
的幸福,而不仅仅是金钱和荣誉。你们害怕,报酬最丰厚的选择,也许不是最有价值的和
最令人满意的选择。但是你们也担心,如果作为一个艺术家或是一个演员,一个人民公仆
或是一个中学老师,该如何才能生存下去?然而,你们可曾想过,如果你的梦想是新闻业
,怎样才能想出一条通往梦想的道路呢?难道你会在读了不知多少年研,写了不知多少毕
业论文终于毕业后,找一个英语教授的工作?

The answer is: you won’t know till you try. But if you don’t try to do what
you love — whether it is painting or biology or finance; if you don’t pursue
what you think will be most meaningful, you will regret it. Life is long. The
re is always time for Plan B. But don’t begin with it.

答案是:你不试试就永远都不会知道。但如果你不试着去做自己热爱的事情,不管是玩泥
巴还是生物还是金融,如果连你自己都不去追求你认为最有价值的事,你终将后悔。人生
路漫漫,你总有时间去给自己留“后路”,但可别一开始就走“后路”。

I think of this as my parking space theory of career choice, and I have been s
haring it with students for decades. Don’t park 20 blocks from your destinati
on because you think you’ll never find a space. Go where you want to be and t
hen circle back to where you have to be.

我把这叫做我的关于职业选择的“泊车”理论,几十年来我一直都在向学生们“兜售”我
的这个理论。不要因为怕到了目的地找不到停车位而把车停在距离目的地20个路口的地方
。直接到达你想去的地方,哪怕再绕回来停,你暂时停的地方只是你被迫停的地方。

You may love investment banking or finance or consulting. It might be just rig
ht for you. Or, you might be like the senior I met at lunch at Kirkland who ha
d just returned from an interview on the West Coast with a prestigious consult
ing firm. “Why am I doing this?” she asked. “I hate flying, I hate hotels,
I won’t like this job.” Find work you love. It is hard to be happy if you sp
end more than half your waking hours doing something you don’t.

你也许喜欢做投行,或是做金融抑或做理财咨询。都可能是适合你的。那也许真的就是适
合你的。或许你也会像我在Kirkland House见到的那个大四学生一样,她刚从美国西海岸
一家著名理财咨询公司的面试回来。“我为什么要做这个?”她说,“我讨厌坐飞机,我
讨厌住宾馆,我是不会喜欢这份工作的。”找到你热爱的工作。如果你把你一天中醒着的
一大半时间用来做你不喜欢的事情,你是很难感到幸福的。
But what is ultimately most important here is that you are asking the question
— not just of me but of yourselves. You are choosing roads and at the same t
ime challenging your own choices. You have a notion of what you want your life
to be and you are not sure the road you are taking is going to get you there.
This is the best news. And it is also, I hope, to some degree, our fault. Not
icing your life, reflecting upon it, considering how you can live it well, won
dering how you can do good: These are perhaps the most valuable things that a
liberal arts education has equipped you to do. A liberal education demands tha
t you live self-consciously. It prepares you to seek and define the meaning in
herent in all you do. It has made you an analyst and critic of yourself, a per
son in this way supremely equipped to take charge of your life and how it unfo
lds. It is in this sense that the liberal arts are liberal — as in liberare —
to free. They empower you with the possibility of exercising agency, of
discovering meaning, of making choices. The surest way to have a me
aningful, happy life is to commit yourself to striving for it. Don’t settle.
Be prepared to change routes. Remember the impossible expectations we have of
you, and even as you recognize they are impossible, remember how important the
y are as a lodestar guiding you toward something that matters to you and to th
e world. The meaning of your life is for you to make.

但是我在这儿说的最重要的是:你们在问那些问题——不仅是问我,而是在问你们自己。
你们正在选择人生的道路,同时也在对自己的选择提出质疑。你们知道自己想过什么样的
生活,也知道你们将行的道路不一定会把你们带到想去的地方。这样其实很好。某种程度
上,我倒希望这是我们的错。我们一直在标榜人生,像镜子一样照出未来你们的模样,思
考你们怎么可以过得幸福,探索你们怎样才能去做些对社会有价值的事:这些也许是文科
教育可以给你们“装备”的最有价值的东西。文科教育要求你们要活得“明白”。它使你
探索和定义你做的每件事情背后的价值。它让你成为一个经常分析和反省自己的人。而这
样的人完全能够掌控自己的人生或未来。从这个道理上讲,文科——照它的字面意思——
才使你们自由。(英语里文科是Liberal Art,照字面解释是自由的艺术)学文科可以让你
有机会去进行理论的实践,去发现你所做的选择的价值。想过上有价值的,幸福的生活,
最可靠的途径就是为了你的目标去奋斗。不要安于现状得过且过。随时准备着改变人生的
道路。记住我们对你们的我觉得是“过于崇高”的期待,可能你们自己也承认那些期待是
有点“太高了”。不过如果想做些对于你们自己或是这个世界有点价值的事情,记住它
们,它们将会像北斗一样指引着你们。你们人生的价值将由你们去实现!


I can’t wait to see how you all turn out. Do come back, from time to time, an
d let us know.

我都等不及想看看你们都最终会如何。毕业以后和学校常联系,常回“家”看看,让我们
了解你们的情况。